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as lisboa�dx05nBhVGW6mJapan at crossroads as upper house election draws near - World - Chinadaily.com.cn
Japan's Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, who is also ruling Liberal Democratic Party leader, raises his fists atop of election campaign van during an election campaign tour for the July 10, 2022 Upper House election, in Kawasaki, south of Tokyo, Japan on June 24, 2022. [Photo/Agencies]

Japan's upper house election on Sunday is in the spotlight because of the real possibility that Prime Minister Fumio Kishida could become the country's first leader to change its pacifist constitution.

"Elections to the Japanese legislature's upper chamber, also known as the House of Councilors, do not always draw such attention because for one thing, it doesn't select Japan's prime minister and for another, it doesn't determine the country's treaties and budgets," said Wang Qi, a researcher of East Asian studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing.

"But it is different this year, because the result of the election could have profound consequences for Japan's defense and security strategy. The outcome might give a chance for Kishida to revise Japan's war-renouncing constitution and that will definitely increase tensions and uncertainties in the Asia-Pacific region," Wang added.

To amend Japan's pacifist constitution, the ruling coalition needs to win at least 82 seats to maintain a two-thirds majority with the support of two minor parties, Nippon Ishin and the Democratic Party for the People. Both of them support a revision.

Given that the LDP, Komeito, Nippon Ishin and DPP already hold a two-thirds majority in the lower house of parliament, the only obstacle to the amendment would be securing a majority of public support in a national referendum to implement the change.

"Despite all the focus on the election, I don't know if Kishida will put his priority on constitutional revision," said Yu Uchiyama, a comparative politics professor at the University of Tokyo.

"Even if he did, it would rather be a symbolic gesture," Uchiyama added. "I think his priority will be to secure a long-term administration and cement his new capitalism, which many say he failed to voice clearly about."

Analysts and observers hold contradictory views on Kishida, who used to be regarded as a dovish player between rival branches of Japan's ruling Liberal Democratic Party.

The analysts wonder if he is in favor of constitutional reform or whether he will push for a change in the country's constitution under pressure from former prime minister Shinzo Abe and his allies.

Either way, Kishida is very likely to be the one who decides on Japan's future security posture.

Abe is now head of the largest faction within the LDP, with about 90 lawmakers, giving him a strong voice in choosing the LDP's president. In contrast, Kishida's faction, with 43 members, is only the fourth largest within the party.

If Kishida manages to expand the LDP and its coalition partner Komeito's margin of control in Sunday's upper house election and if he wins the LDP leadership election next year, he will rule for three years before facing another election in 2025.

A poll published on Monday by Nikkei Daily showed that the LDP is projected to win about 60 seats on its own, up from the 55 seats it currently holds.

"Opponent parties failed to distinguish themselves from others this year and they lack strong leaders to attract voters. That's why LDP and Komeito would easily keep the majority of the upper chamber," said Masanari Koike, a former member of Japan's House of Representatives, the lower house, adding that the right-wing party Nippon Ishin could also win more seats.

Japan's election rules said members of the upper house are elected for a six-year term and elections are held every three years, with half of the total 248 seats up for grabs.

This year, the election day is set for Sunday. Over 530 candidates from more than 15 parties will compete for 124 seats. Among them, 75 will be decided based on electoral districts and the remaining seats will be filled by people elected through proportional representation across Japan.

Koike said economic issues and structural reform should be Kishida's top agenda going forward.

"Japan now faces serious economic challenges, caused by a decrease in population and demand, also a lack of structural reforms which hinder rising new industries. Since the Abe administration, Japanese governments and the Bank of Japan just have no options except financial expansion," Koike said.

"But it is now causing historical depreciation of the yen. Combined with increased import and energy prices, it had hurt people's daily living. If they do not fix it, there seems no optimistic end for this road."

EPS automatic high-efficiency energy-saving molding machine

main feature: as lisboa�zoQWsfIAE0Japan at crossroads as upper house election draws near - World - Chinadaily.com.cn

Japan's Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, who is also ruling Liberal Democratic Party leader, raises his fists atop of election campaign van during an election campaign tour for the July 10, 2022 Upper House election, in Kawasaki, south of Tokyo, Japan on June 24, 2022. [Photo/Agencies]

Japan's upper house election on Sunday is in the spotlight because of the real possibility that Prime Minister Fumio Kishida could become the country's first leader to change its pacifist constitution.

"Elections to the Japanese legislature's upper chamber, also known as the House of Councilors, do not always draw such attention because for one thing, it doesn't select Japan's prime minister and for another, it doesn't determine the country's treaties and budgets," said Wang Qi, a researcher of East Asian studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing.

"But it is different this year, because the result of the election could have profound consequences for Japan's defense and security strategy. The outcome might give a chance for Kishida to revise Japan's war-renouncing constitution and that will definitely increase tensions and uncertainties in the Asia-Pacific region," Wang added.

To amend Japan's pacifist constitution, the ruling coalition needs to win at least 82 seats to maintain a two-thirds majority with the support of two minor parties, Nippon Ishin and the Democratic Party for the People. Both of them support a revision.

Given that the LDP, Komeito, Nippon Ishin and DPP already hold a two-thirds majority in the lower house of parliament, the only obstacle to the amendment would be securing a majority of public support in a national referendum to implement the change.

"Despite all the focus on the election, I don't know if Kishida will put his priority on constitutional revision," said Yu Uchiyama, a comparative politics professor at the University of Tokyo.

"Even if he did, it would rather be a symbolic gesture," Uchiyama added. "I think his priority will be to secure a long-term administration and cement his new capitalism, which many say he failed to voice clearly about."

Analysts and observers hold contradictory views on Kishida, who used to be regarded as a dovish player between rival branches of Japan's ruling Liberal Democratic Party.

The analysts wonder if he is in favor of constitutional reform or whether he will push for a change in the country's constitution under pressure from former prime minister Shinzo Abe and his allies.

Either way, Kishida is very likely to be the one who decides on Japan's future security posture.

Abe is now head of the largest faction within the LDP, with about 90 lawmakers, giving him a strong voice in choosing the LDP's president. In contrast, Kishida's faction, with 43 members, is only the fourth largest within the party.

If Kishida manages to expand the LDP and its coalition partner Komeito's margin of control in Sunday's upper house election and if he wins the LDP leadership election next year, he will rule for three years before facing another election in 2025.

A poll published on Monday by Nikkei Daily showed that the LDP is projected to win about 60 seats on its own, up from the 55 seats it currently holds.

"Opponent parties failed to distinguish themselves from others this year and they lack strong leaders to attract voters. That's why LDP and Komeito would easily keep the majority of the upper chamber," said Masanari Koike, a former member of Japan's House of Representatives, the lower house, adding that the right-wing party Nippon Ishin could also win more seats.

Japan's election rules said members of the upper house are elected for a six-year term and elections are held every three years, with half of the total 248 seats up for grabs.

This year, the election day is set for Sunday. Over 530 candidates from more than 15 parties will compete for 124 seats. Among them, 75 will be decided based on electoral districts and the remaining seats will be filled by people elected through proportional representation across Japan.

Koike said economic issues and structural reform should be Kishida's top agenda going forward.

"Japan now faces serious economic challenges, caused by a decrease in population and demand, also a lack of structural reforms which hinder rising new industries. Since the Abe administration, Japanese governments and the Bank of Japan just have no options except financial expansion," Koike said.

"But it is now causing historical depreciation of the yen. Combined with increased import and energy prices, it had hurt people's daily living. If they do not fix it, there seems no optimistic end for this road."

1, rack structure

a. The high-strength frame further strengthens the front and rear formwork, and adopts a one-piece machine foot, which integrates the formwork and the machine foot, which greatly improves the rigidity and stability of the formwork.

b. Template stress relief annealing, imported CNC machining center processing.

c. Sand blasting and rust removal, with high anti-corrosion and anti-corrosion cycle.

2, hydraulic system EPP Machine

a. It is driven by one or two hydraulic cylinders, and the mold opening and closing speed is fast, and the power is low and energy saving.

b. According to the size of the table, multiple auxiliary hydraulic cylinders are used to lock the mold at the same time, and the mold clamping can be balanced when the pressure of the hydraulic system is low.

3, the control system

a. PLC and touch screen are used to complete the automatic cycle process of the machine, such as mold opening and closing, feeding, heating, heat preservation, cooling, demoulding, and product ejection.

b. The machine adopts a rotary encoder to control the travel distance of the mold opening and closing. When feeding, the seam is kept the same every time, and the feeding density is uniform.

c. Using high-precision sensors, the heating pressure parameters can be directly set on the touch screen, which is accurate and convenient.

4, injection system

a. Double vertical pressure barrels, turntable discharge system, a variety of feeding methods to choose, the feeding is even and full.

b. It adopts double valve and double air exhaust to feed the material on both sides, which saves air and is easy to install.

5, energy system

a. The pilot steam decompression system is adopted to make the steam pressure more stable.

b. Steam, demolding compressed air, cooling vacuum pressure and flow are independently adjustable.

c. The balance valve is used to control the heating of the machine, which can effectively adjust the steam pressure at the outlet of the steam valve. The steam pressure and temperature in the cavity are the same each time.

6, cooling system

a. The vacuum system of the machine is mainly composed of a vacuum energy storage tank, a vacuum condensation tank and a high-efficiency water ring vacuum pump. The condensation drainage pipe is enlarged and lengthened. The cooling adopts vacuum as the main method and water cooling as the auxiliary, so that the water content of the product is lower.

b. High vacuum cooling system to achieve high temperature demoulding and save steam. The equipment reserves a central vacuum interface.

Technical parameters Technical Data:

Serial No.ItemsUnit/
TypeUnit/Type
EPS-ZC-1400EEPS-ZC-1500EEPS-ZC-1700EEPS-ZC-1800EEPS-ZC-2200E
EPS-ZC-1200E
1Die sizemm
Mold Dimension1200*10001400*12001500*13001700*15001800*16002250*2150
2Large product sizemm
Max Dimension of Products1020*820×3801220*1020*3801320*1120*3801520*1320*3801620*1420*3802080*1980*380
3rear window sizeWindow Sizemm1060×8601260×10601360×11601580×13601660×14602100×2000
4big strokemm
Max.Interval120014001400140014001400
5small itinerarymm
Min.Interval150210210210210210
6travel speedmm/sec
Speed ​​of Procession160160160120120120
PressurePressureMpa0.3-0.70.3-0.70.3-0.70.3-0.70.3-0.70.3-0.7
7Steam SteamInlet Inlet DNmmDN65DN80DN100DN100DN100DN100
Consumptionkg/kgConsumption of 8-10 tons of steam per ton of raw materials8-10TSteam/1T EPS Material
compressed airPressurePressureMpa0.5-0.70.5-0.70.5-0.70.5-0.70.5-0.70.6-0.8
8CompressedInletmmDN50DN50DN50DN50DN50DN50
AirConsumptionm3/cycle1.51.822.22.32.8
9Cooling waterInletmmDN65DN80DN80DN100DN100DN100
Cooling WaterConsumptionkg/cycle20-7025-7025-8030-9035-10050-120
10Vacuum pump suction capacity

Vacuum Pump Capacity
m3/h230230230280280280
11Installed powerConnected loadkw1112.514.516.516.520.5
12Voltage Voltagev380380380380380380
13Production cycle Cycle Times38-6038-6040-7045-8045-8045-80
14Overall Dimensionmm5200*1940*30005200*2140*32005200*2240*33005200*2450*35005200*2550*36505200*2800*4000
15Weight of the whole machinekg4500650070007500800010000

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